Tuesday, April 12, 2011

rant??

I know I haven't posted for awhile. To be honest I am just being lazy. But I will have more frequent posts soon. See, I gave my first tattoo the other day!! Haha okay not really, I did it on fake skin. But still, it's progress. I am getting closer to my goals. It is such a long journey ahead, half the time I think I am just fantasizing. But I know deep down that if I stick with it, my fantasies will come to reality. Both my mentors have been pretty busy, so I haven't gotten to sit down with them and go over my hours to see how far I have come and how far off the actual tattooing is. It can get really frustrating, but it's whatever (my new phrase btw). And I want to finish my tats before summer time...which I don't think is going to happen but a girl can hope! Now I am getting off subject. Anyways, talk to you guys later, I have some good info on setting up your machine which I will post soon.

Wednesday, March 30, 2011

So you want a tattoo?

Do it. Go with a good artist, even if you are getting something small and cliche. If its your first, make sure you eat before the tattoo, we have had grown men almost faint during tats! Do not get pressured into a design you don't want. Often times tattoo artists have a stuck up rock star personality and treat you like an idiot. Don't let this happen, you'll just end up regretting it later. I know a lot of people simply want a tattoo to have a tattoo. This is fine. But if it has a personal meaning to you, bring your thoughts to a custom tattoo artist so they can draw you up something that is original and has meaning! Can't stress that enough. Names can be okay for memorials or children, but in my opinion, it is more personal to get a design that represented them or the things they loved. But go ahead and do whatever, its not like this blog is going to change your mind about anything.

Monday, March 21, 2011

Sorry

I haven't updated for awhile, I have been super busy and my birthday was this weekend (19 on the 19th). I am finally getting inked up again! It's a cover up from a tattoo I got when I was 15 from some senior with a tattoo gun (not a machine). Pretty much a bad idea, but when you are young you do whatever the hell you want. Anyways please, if you are a scratcher, don't tattoo kids under age, they are retarded. You shouldn't be tattooing anyone without the proper sterilization equipment for that matter. Okay that is all for now, I promise a longer more interesting post soon. Adios!

Friday, March 11, 2011

Artist of the week.

Okay so recently I've been mesmerized by neo-traditional pieces. Here is one of my favorite tattoo artists, not only in that style but all together. I give you...Cris Cleen! http://criscleen.com/ 
Here are some of his pieces. If you don't know what neo-traditional is, i suggest you check out swallowsndaggers! http://www.swallowsndaggers.net/. I will definatly post a blog on neo-traditional style when i have more time. For now, here is some of Cris Cleen's work

Thursday, March 10, 2011

Nikko Hurtado

If you want to see some tips on color portraits, I strongly suggest watching Nikko Hurtado's video!
Nikko Hurtado is a master at portraits! Here is his website, check it out http://www.nikkohurtado.com/tattoos.asp

Tuesday, March 8, 2011

How the Modern Tattoo Machine works! A quick explanation in theory.

In order to fully comprehend the marvel that is the tattoo machine, we must understand how it
works IN AND OUT. I feel this is a necessary preface for this instruction guide and if you feel you know
HOW a tattoo machine works well enough feel free to skip ahead.
Tattoo machines function with electromagnetism, as it may well be known. The coils are
magnetised by the electric current running through them, which magnetically attracts the armature bar to
them (thus pushing the needle), which disconnects the electricity to the coils, their magnetic feilds collapse
and the armature spring pulls the armature back into contact with the contact screw (i.e. electricity) which
recharges the coils, the magnetic fields expand and the process repeats, extremely fast-somewhere between
60 and 150 cycles per second. There are a few technical terms that I have to run by you: when you pass
electricy through a conductor you create a magnetic field, we learned that in second grade with the battery
and the nail with the coiled wire around it picking up paper clips (the same priciple in application in a
tattoo machine) and the reverse is also true, that is when you pass a conductor through a magnetic field you
produce an electric current in the conductor (a principle applied in DC generators, alternators, etc.). When
you have a COIL of wire, however, and introduce an electric current into it, magnetic lines of force (force
fields, the rainbow pattern magnets make with iron filings) emerge and "cut through" the coils of wire (or
collapse into them when the current is DISCONNECTED as well), which produces a voltage spike in the
conductor of the coil which can be damaging to certain sensitive electronics. This principle is called "self
induction", as it is a self induced voltage spike. If there are two coils together (as is the case on a tattoo
machine) and one is connected or disconnected to power, the magnetic lines of force from that one will also
produce a voltage spike in the ADJACENT COIL, a principle called "mutual induction". Both of these
principles are constantly interacting on your tattoo machine, creating voltage spikes every time power
connects and disconnects for every pulse! That is why you use a capacitor on your machine to make it hit
harder: The capacitor serves a few purposes in electronics-it can function as a small battery that only holds
a charge for a number of minutes, which is not applied on a tattoo machine. The other functions are Radio
Frequency Interference filter (also not applied) and it filters out voltage spikes, which is what it is used for
in this application. In this way, it filters out spikes in the voltage that would otherwise create opposing
magnetic fields and dull out your machines' performance. Thus the capacitor will make your armature bar
drop and bounce back without hesitation due to opposing magnetic fields, which will result in your
machine "snapping" or hitting quickly and hard. If your capacitor is too big, your machine will get real loud
and ragged sounding, which it may do with a smaller capacitor already -that's okay; as long as it is tuned
correctly and you won't be causing any additional stress on your machine. My mentor explained it this way if
you were going to be punctured by a needle, would you prefer it to be on the skin and given pressure
enough to pierce the skin, or would you rather it come AT the skin at full speed and "pop" in and back out?
The capacitor creates the latter scenario..

Machine machine machine!

A tattoo artists uses a tattoo machine. A scratcher uses a tattoo gun. You calling my tattoo machine's "guns" is the equivalent of me calling your mother a whore. Just thought Id share.

A little history on what I'm learning to do.

 Tattoos go back many many many years, it is truly a sacred and traditional art. Here is a brief history on it. Enjoy, you might find some facts surprising.

the word tattoo is said to has two major derivations- from
the polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something
and the tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’.

the history of tattoo began over 5000 years ago and is as
diverse as the people who wear them.

tattoos are created by inserting colored materials beneath
the skins surface. the first tattoos probably were created
by accident. someone had a small wound, and rubbed it
with a hand that was dirty with soot and ashes from the fire.
once the wound had healed, they saw that a mark stayed
permanently.

despite the social sciences' growing fascination with tattooing,
and the immense popularity of tattoos themselves,
the practice has not left much of a historical record.

---
bronze age
in 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man ‘├Âtzi the ice man’
made the headlines of newspapers all over the world when
his frozen body was discovered on a mountain between
austria and italy.
this is the best preserved corpse of that period ever found.
the skin bears 57 tattoos: a cross on the inside of the left knee,
six straight lines 15 centimeters long above the kidneys and
numerous parallel lines on the ankles.
the position of the tattoo marks suggests that they were probably
applied for therapeutic reasons (treatment of arthritis).

---
pazyryk culture
in 1948, 120 miles north of the border between russia and
china, russian archeologist sergei rudenko began excavating
a group of tombs, or kurgans, in the high altai mountains of
western and southern siberia. mummies were found that date
from around 2400 years ago.
the tattoos on their bodies represent a variety of animals.
the griffins and monsters are thought to have a magical
significance but some elements are believed to be purely
decorative. altogether the tattoos are believed to reflect the
status of the individual.

---
egypt
written records, physical remains, and works of art relevant to
egyptian tattoo have virtually been ignored by earlier egyptologists
influenced by prevailing social attitudes toward the medium.
today however, we know that there have been bodies recovered
dating to as early XI dynasty exhibiting the art form of tattoo.
in 1891, archaeologists discovered the mummified remains
of amunet, a priestess of the goddess hathor, at thebes who
lived some time between 2160 BC and 1994 BC.
this female mummy displayed several lines and dots tattooed
about her body - grouping dots and/or dashes were aligned into
abstract geometric patterns. this art form was restricted
to women only, and usually these women were associated
with ritualistic practice.
the egyptians spread the practice of tattooing throughout the world.
the pyramid-building third and fourth dynasties of egypt
developed international nations with crete, greece, persia,
and arabia. by 2,000 BC the art of tattooing had stretched out all the
way to southeast asia .
the ainu (western asian nomads) then brought it with them
as they moved to japan.

---
japan
the earliest evidence of tattooing in japan is found in the form
of clay figurines which have faces painted or engraved to
represent tattoo marks. the oldest figurines of this kind have
been recovered from tombs dated 3,000 BC or older, and many
other such figurines have been found in tombs dating from the
second and third millennia BC.
these figurines served as stand-ins for living individuals who
symbolically accompanied the dead on their journey into the
unknown, and it is believed that the tattoo marks had religious
or magical significance.
the first written record of japanese tattooing is found in a
chinese dynastic history compiled in 297 AD.
the japanese were interested in the art mostly for its decorative
attributes, as opposed to magical ones. the horis - the japanese
tattoo artists - were the undisputed masters. their use of colors,
perspective, and imaginative designs gave the practice a whole
new angle. the classic japanese tattoo, is a full body suit.

---
china
from southern china the practice spread along the silk route.

---
polynesia
in pacific cultures tattooing has a huge historic significance.
polynesian tattooing is considered the most intricate and
skillful tattooing of the ancient world.
polynesian peoples, believe that a person's mana, their spiritual
power or life force, is displayed through their tattoo.
the vast majority of what we know today about these ancient
arts has been passed down through legends, songs, and ritual
ceremonies. elaborate geometrical designs which were often
added to, renewed, and embellished throughout the life of the
individual until they covered the entire body.

in samoa, the tradition of applying tattoo, or ‘tatau’, by hand,
has long been defined by rank and title, with chiefs and their
assistants, descending from notable families in the proper birth order.
the tattooing ceremonies for young chiefs, typically conducted at
the onset of puberty, were elaborate affairs and were a key part
of their ascendance to a leadership role.
the permanent marks left by the tattoo artists would forever
celebrate their endurance and dedication to cultural traditions.
the first europeans who set foot on samoan soil were members
of a 1787 french expedition. they got a closer look at the natives
and reported that ‘the men have their thighs painted or tattooed
in such a way that one would think them clothed,
although they are almost naked’. the mythological origins of
samoan tattooing and the extraordinary cross-cultural history
of tatau has been transported to the migrant communities of
new zealand, and later disseminated into various international
subcultures from auckland to the netherlands.

the hawaiian people had their traditional tattoo art,
known as ‘kakau’. it served them not only for ornamentation
and distinction, but to guard their health and spiritual well-being.
intricate patterns, mimicking woven reeds or other natural forms,
graced men's arms, legs, torso and face.
women were generally tattooed on the hand, fingers, wrists
and sometimes on their tongue.

the arrival of western missionaries forced this unique art form
into decline as tattooing has been discouraged or forbidden by
most christian churches throughout history.

---
new zealand
the maori of new zealand had created one of the most impressive
cultures of all polynesia. their tattoo, called ‘moko’, reflected their
refined artistry - using their woodcarving skills to carve skin.
the full-face moko was a mark of distinction, which communicated
their status, lines of descent and tribal affiliations. it recalled their
wearer's exploits in war and other great events of their life.

---
indonesia
borneo is one of the few places in the world where traditional
tribal tattooing is still practiced today just as it has been for
thousands of years. until recently many of the inland tribes had
little contact with the outside world.
as a result, they have preserved many aspects of their traditional
way of life, including tattooing.
borneo designs have gone all around the world to form the
basis of what the western people call ‘tribal’.

---
india / thailand
hanuman in india was a popular symbol of strength on
arms and legs. the mythical monk is still today one of the
most popular creations in thailand and myanmar.
they are put on the human body by monks who incorporate
magical powers to the design while tattooing.
women are excluded because monks are not allowed to be
touched by them and because thais believe women do not
need the extra boost as they are already strong enough on
their own.

---
africa
in africa, where people have dark skin, it is difficult to make
coloured tattoos as we know them.
but they want to be tattooed anyway, so they have developed
another technique - they make scarifications (this is not really
tattooing, but it is related to tattooing). made by lifting the skin a little,
and making a cut with a knife or some other sharp thing
special sands or ashes were rubbed in to make raised scars
in patterns on the body, it can be felt like braille lettering...
these patterns often follow local traditions.

---
ancient greece and rome
the greeks learnt tattooing from the persians.
their woman were fascinated by the idea of tattoos as
exotic beauty marks.
the romans adopted tattooing from the greeks.
roman writers such as virgil, seneca, and galenus reported that
many slaves and criminals were tattooed.
a legal inscription from ephesus indicates that during the early
roman empire all slaves exported to asia were tattooed with the
words ‘tax paid’.
greeks and romans also used tattooing as a punishment.
early in the fourth century, when constantine became roman emperor
and rescinded the prohibition on christianity, he also banned tattooing
on face, which was common for convicts, soldiers, and gladiators.
constantine believed that the human face was a representation of the
image of god and should not be disfigured or defiled.

---
the celts
were a tribal people who moved across western europe in times
around 1200 and 700 B.C. they reached the british Isles around
400 B.C. and most of what has survived from their culture is in
the areas now known as ireland, wales and scotland.
celtic culture was full of body art.
permanent body painting was done with woad, which left a blue
design on the skin. spirals are very common, and they can be single,
doubled or tripled. knotwork is probably the most recognized form
of celtic art, with lines forming complex braids which then weave
across themselves. these symbolise the connection of all life.
step or key patterns, like those found in early labyrinth designs,
are seen both in simple borders and full complex mazes.
much in the way that labyrinths are walked, these designs are
symbolic of the various paths that life’s journey can take.

---
central and south america
in peru, tattooed inca mummies dating to the 11th century
have been found. 16th century spanish accounts of mayan tattooing
in mexico and central americareveal tattoos to be a sign of courage.
when cortez and his conquistadors arrived on the coast of mexico
in 1519 they were horrified to discover that the natives
not only worshipped devils in the form of statues and idols,
but had somehow managed to imprint indelible images of these
idols on their skin. the spaniards, who had never heard of tattooing,
recognized it at once as the work of satan.
the sixteenth century spanish historians who chronicled the
adventures of cortez and his conquistadors reported that tattooing
was widely practiced by the natives of central america.

---
north america
early jesuit accounts testify to the widespread practice of
tattooing among native americans.
among the chickasaw, outstanding warriors were recognised
by their tattoos. among the ontario iroquoians, elaborate
tattoos reflected high status. in north-west america,
inuit women's chins were tattooed to indicate marital status
and group identity.
the first permanent tattoo shop in new york city was settled up
in 1846 and began a tradition by tattooing military servicemen
from both sides of the civil war. samuel o'reilly invented the electric
tattooing machine in 1891.

---
middle-east
during the time of the old testament, much of the pagan world
was practicing the art of tattooing as a means of deity worship.
a passage in leviticus reads:
‘ye shall not make any cuttings on your flesh for the dead nor
print any marks upon you’. (19:28)
this has been cited as biblical authority to support the church's
position. biblical scholar m.w. thomson suggests, however, that
moses favored tattoos. moses introduced tattoos as a way to
commemorate the deliverance of the jews from slavery in egypt.

---
vikings
it is very likely that the vikings were tattooed.
at around year 1100 the arab ibn fadlan described a
meeting with some vikings. he thought them very rude, dirty
- and covered with pictures.

---
england
explorers returned home with tattooed polynesians
to exhibit at fairs, in lecture halls and in dime museums,
to demonstrate the height of european civilization compared
to the ‘primitive natives’.
after captain cook returned from his voyage to polynesia
tattooing became a tradition in the british navy.
by the middle of the 18th century most british ports had
at least one professional tattoo artist in residence.
in 1862, the prince of wales, later to become king edward VII,
received his first tattoo - a jerusalem cross - on his arm.
he started a tattoo fad among the aristocracy when he was
tattooed before ascending to the throne.
in 1882, his sons, the duke of clarence and the duke of york
were tattooed by the japanese master tattooist, hori chiyo.

---
france
in the 18th century, many french sailors returning from voyages
in the south pacific had been tattooed.
in 1861, french naval surgeon, maurice berchon, published a study
on the medical complications of tattooing.
after this, the navy and army banned tattooing within their ranks.


stereotypical and sensationalised association of tattoo design
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sailor
sailors on their ships returned home with their own tattoos...
usually of a very basic style that only uses a minimum amount
of details making the tattoos look quite two dimensional and flat.
this often gives a cartoonish feeling and typical motifs would be flowers,
hearts, mermaids, ships, anchors, snakes, birds, and names.

criminality
for a long time, tattooing was the preserve of sailors and...
criminals!
in prison, the tattoo - professionally done and homemade-
indelibly imprint on their bodies what these men desire in their
souls: autonomy and identity.
the ultimate symbol for gang members are their gang tattoos,
getting a permanent mark is a sign of showing total commitment to
the gang. these tattoos can reveal lots of things, like,
who you are/what gang you're in/ what your beliefs are (racist etc..),
what you have done, where you have been, how many years
you have been in jail (also referred to as ‘dead time’) and even
things like how many you have killed.
known symbols include teardrops under the eye as well as spider
webs on the elbows to symbolize people killed.

circus
the popularity of tattooing during the latter part of the nineteenth
century and the first half of the twentieth century owed much to
the circus. when circuses prospered, tattooing prospered.
for over 70 years every major circus employed several completely
tattooed people. some were exhibited in sideshows;
others performed traditional circus acts such as juggling and
sword swallowing.


---------------
tattoo flash
as with other artistic mediums and cultural developments,
vocabulary continually evolves, reflecting the depth and potential
of body marking and of the contemporary imagination.
in recent years tattooing has emerged to the forefront of popular
consciousness. today a tattoo ‘flash’, is a folder of tattoo-artwork by
tattoo artists. styles range from the traditional and vernacular to
the sacred and innovative.